Fluorescence Digital Image Gallery

Normal African Green Monkey Kidney Epithelial Cells (Vero)

In eukaryotes, the nuclear envelope encloses the chromosomes (DNA) and other organelles, such as the nucleoli, to clearly define the nucleus of the cell. The envelope is comprised of two distinct concentric membranes that contain perforations in regions surrounded by a family of proteins known as the nuclear pore complexes. Each pore complex contains more than 50 different integral proteins (termed nucleoporins) that have a combined molecular weight of approximately 125 megaDaltons. The nucleoporins are geometrically arranged in a very elaborate octagonal symmetry, which has been extensively studied using optical and electron microscopy. In fluorescence microscopy, the nuclear pore complexes can be visualized using antibodies targeting any of the nucleoporin subfamilies to investigate the morphology and composition of the nucleus and nuclear envelope.

The log phase culture of Vero cells illustrated above was fixed, permeabilized, blocked with 10-percent normal goat serum, and then treated with mouse anti-NPCP (nuclear pore complex proteins) primary antibodies followed by secondary antibodies conjugated to Alexa Fluor 568. The secondary cocktail contained Alexa Fluor 488 conjugated to phalloidin to label the filamentous actin network, and the nuclei were counterstained with Hoechst 33342. Images were recorded in grayscale with a QImaging Retiga Fast-EXi camera system coupled to an Olympus BX-51 microscope equipped with bandpass emission fluorescence filter optical blocks provided by Omega Optical. During the processing stage, individual image channels were pseudocolored with RGB values corresponding to each of the fluorophore emission spectral profiles.

View a larger image of the African green monkey kidney epithelial (Vero) cells.

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