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Microscope Optical Components

Selected Literature References

The subject of microscope optical components has been reviewed on numerous occasions by a number of distinguished scientists. Many references are comprehensive and cover a majority of topics concerning lenses, principal planes, off-axis light rays, virtual images, and image planes. The list of reference materials provided in this section attempts to cover both early reviews and the latest information available on microscope the microscope optical train.

The illumination system., Rost, F. and Oldfield, R. in Photography with a Microscope, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pages 87-107 (2000).

Simple ray optics., Goldstein, D. in Understanding the Light Microscope, Academic Press, New York, pages 1-15 (1999).

Introduction: essential optical train of the light microscope., Inoué, S. and Spring, K. in Video Microscopy: The Fundamentals, Plenum Press, New York, pages 13-22 (1997).

The eyepiece., Bradbury, S. and Bracegirdle, B. in Introduction to Light Microscopy, Bios Scientific Publishers, New York, pages 76-82 (1998).

Magnification., Bradbury, S. and Bracegirdle, B. in Introduction to Light Microscopy, Bios Scientific Publishers, New York, pages 30-31 (1998).

Light waves., Robinson, P. and Bradbury, S. in Qualitative Polarized-Light Microscopy, Oxford Science Publications, Oxford University Press, pages 3-8 (1992).

Light microscopy as an optical system, the stand and its parts., James, J. and Tanke, H. in Biomedical Light Microscopy, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, pages 1-24 (1991).

Some basic concepts., Bradbury, S. in An Introduction to the Optical Microscope, Oxford Science Publishers, New York, pages 20-40 (1989).

CF optics., Pluta, M. in Advanced Light Microscopy, Volume 1: Principles and Basic Properties, Elsevier, New York, pages 177-179 (1988).

Lenses and their basic properties., Pluta, M. in Advanced Light Microscopy, Volume 1: Principles and Basic Properties, Elsevier, New York, pages 135-155 (1988).

The optical system of the microscope, its principal parameters and properties (bright-field microscopy)., Pluta, M. in Advanced Light Microscopy, Volume 1: Principles and Basic Properties, Elsevier, New York, pages 179-239 (1988).

General optical principles: the compound microscope., Loveland, R. in Photomicrography: A Comprehensive Treatise, Part I, Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida, pages 50-91 (1981).

Optical components., Marmasse, C. in Microscopes and Their Uses, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York, pages 37-136 (1980).

Physical optical aspects of image formation., Zieler, H. in The Optical Performance of the Light Microscope, Part II, Microscope Publications, Ltd., pages 1-17 (1973).

Formation of images by lenses., Zieler, H. in The Optical Performance of the Light Microscope, Part I, Microscope Publications, Ltd., pages 17-34 (1972).

The nature of light: geometrical, wave, and quantum optics., Slayter, E. in Optical Methods in Biology, Wiley-Interscience, New York, pages 1-25 (1970).

Geometrical properties of lenses., Slayter, E. in Optical Methods in Biology, Wiley-Interscience, New York, pages 153-186 (1970).

Further properties of optical systems., Martin, L. in The Theory of the Microscope, American Elsevier, New York, pages 95-159 (1966).

Elementary optics of the microscope., Needham, G. in The Practical Use of the Microscope, , pages 211-229 (1958).

Light, lenses, images, and objectives., Shillaber, C. in Photomicrography in Theory and Practice, John Wiley and Sons, New York, pages 148-285 (1944).

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